Zanzibar is among the notable beautiful Island in the World, with the clear coral water of the Indian Ocean. The Island is just 20minutes flight from Dar es Salaam, but also 1 or 2 hours with the marine boat. With the Manson wind support, the shore of the Island has welcomed and inhabited different people from several Nations including the Sumerians, Assyrians, Hindus, Egyptians, Phoenicians, Arabians, Chinese, Malaysians, and the Portuguese. The island is also the destination for the great European explorers Burton, Speke, Livingstone, Krapf, Rebman, and Grant who set out on their voyages of discovery into the East and Central African hinterland. Hence the Island also hold in the World history on the colonial Era.
Zanzibar Island is of different races over the centuries that have left the Island with an imprint on the people and the architecture. The “House of Wonders” and the narrow streets of the Old Stone Town are just some of the vivid reminders of the islands long colonial history. Zanzibar Island is also the birthplace of the fascinating Swahili culture with its elegant architecture, full of balconies, courtyards, hand-carved doors and mosques. The island is of the exotic spices, the colonial history, and the popular Indian and Arabic architectures. Hence visiting Zanzibar the tours can include, the City Stone town tour, the spice farm tour, Jozan forets for the red colobus, the prison Island and water based tours such as the Safari blue and the dolphin excursions.
The Island is nicknamed as the Spice Island because of the exotic spices that can be found, this can be experienced during the spice tour where you will be visiting the spice farms end get the details regarding the spices that are of different uses from food, cosmetics to medicines. The details are from their growth to the extracting to the end product, whether being food, cosmetics or medicine. Other than the Island to be the Spice Island, the Island also have the world history and this can be well understood via the City stone town tour where you will be visiting the old stone town and understanding the different architectures and the history carried by the old stone town city which is also one of the historical heritage site under the UNESCO.
Zanzibar Island consists of two main islands of Unguja (also referred to as Zanzibar) and Pemba, and several other surrounding small islets. Hence most of the mentioned above excursions are from the Unguja Island.
On the other hand, Pemba Island the part of Zanzibar locates about 80 kilometers from Unguja (Zanzibar) which is almost the same distance as of that from Tanga in Tanzania Mainland which is on the west of Zanzibar (Unguja). The Island is well known as the green Island though not popular as Unguja is as well as smaller than Unguja too. The Island has the dense and lush vegetations with more natural forests. The island is popular for the clove growth than Unguja. The Island wealth of the natural resources lies from beaches to mangrove ecosystems to natural forests. The coral reefs surrounding the island protect a massive amount of marine species and offer some of the best diving places in the world. While much of the coast is lined with mangroves, the island has the shoreline with the clear waters and sand that makes the best, clean and pure beaches of the Island. Hence though Unguja is More Popular but Pemba is an Ideal destination for the visitors in Zanzibar.